The Estonian Education and Research Network (EENet) was established in August 1993 as a governmental non-profit organization. From 1997 until April 2013 EENet operated as a state agency administered by the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research.
On April 12, 2013 EENet was transferred to the Information Technology Foundation for Education (former Estonian Information Technology Foundation) with all current rights of representation in international organisations.
The mission of EENet is to provide a high-quality national network infrastructure for Estonia’s research, educational and cultural communities. Its services include a permanent Internet connection as well as webhosting, e-mail, ftp, DNS and consultations in the event of security problems. Development projects are being carried out in cooperation with universities and institutes, among them the Estonian GRID project.
The current international connection of EENet is a 5 Gbps channel to the GÉANT2 network. The backbone of the educational and research network in the country connects most of its counties.
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20 years ago on 23.04.1992 while King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and Queen Silvia visited Tartu (Estonia), the first Internet connection between Tartu and Stockholm was started and thus a new era for international cooperation for researchers of Tartu University, Estonian Biocentre and other research institutions began.
The initiators for internetworking were Estonian National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics and Estonian Biocentre. Shortly after, in 1993, the first Internet service provider Estonian Educational and Research Network EENet was founded by the Ministry of Education.
The initial 64 kbps satellite link between Tartu and KTH Royal Institute of Technology was 78 times slower than the international connection of Estonian research network today, 20 years later.